Monthly Archives: April 2015

Illuminate Your Lighting Efficiency

Shedding the Light on Energy Savings

The EIA says 50-75% of your utility expenses are for electricity and of that, approximately   21% is just lighting. If you spend an average of $100,000 annually on one building that adds up to $21,000 just to keep the lights on! By simply making your lighting 25-50% more efficient, you could save up to $10,500 each year.

It sounds easy and it is. Below are some steps to get you started:

Step 1:   Determine how much you are using and spending

lighting-tipIt’s critical to know what you are doing now so you can assess opportunities for energy savings later.  You will need 12 months of common area bills that include the building’s interior lighting.  This should include all account numbers, billing date cycles, number of days in each bill, usage in kWh and demand kW, and expense. At the end of each month, calculate the rate by dividing expense by usage. This will give you a base analysis for where you are now versus when you initiate your lighting cost avoidance program. If possible, include a hyperlink to actual bill images to be referenced later as needed.

Step 2Complete a building lighting audit

You need to know what type of lighting you have, how often it’s in use and where it’s located.  A building diagram with notes is very helpful.  It is best to do the audit both during and after business hours. Below are some examples of questions to answer:

  • Are lights off in unoccupied spaces? (Stairwells, parking levels, fitness centers, business centers, party rooms, offices, basements).  There may be opportunities for reduced or sensor lighting.
  • Are lights in the models on sensors or timers to be off when unoccupied?
  • What are the model, types, and usages for your lighting fixtures in the main hallways and business areas?
  • What are the hours when lighting is used in business areas, hallways, basements, storage, garage, fitness, and business rooms?
  • Are you installing energy efficient lighting in vacants when turned?
  • Do you have the number of fixtures, number of lamps per fixture, type/number of lamps per ballast, wattage?
  • What dates were fixtures installed and what is their condition?
  • What is the daylight availability (windows near lighting)?
  • Are the tasks performed in the space (critical or secondary)?

Step 3: Low hanging fruit: Consider where you can change lighting hours, add motion sensors, timers, light reducers and use energy saving lamp bulbs.

This is the easiest, least expensive step you can make.  You know you can’t rely on people to remember to turn off lights but for a small expense you can make sure lights not used are off or energy reduced during day light hours or evening hours. Sensors, light reducers or timers in models, business centers, fitness facilities, basements and storage areas are key energy savers.  Even in the garage and stairways, you can usually install light reducing devices that will use half the energy when not in use without violating any safety requirements. Make sure you rid every lamp of incandescent light bulbs – these not only use more energy to light the space, they put off 2-3 times the heat and last a fraction of the life of an energy efficient bulb.

Step 4Hallway lighting

Hallway lighting can easily account for a large chunk of your common area electrical bill.  By choosing the best lighting for the task you can reduce your usage by 20-50%. If the fixtures are well-maintained, it may be worthwhile to research your options for replacement bulbs that would fit and be more energy efficient. If it’s time for replacement, you may pay for the new fixtures in energy savings within a reasonable time. A simple pay back analysis can help you determine what your best option might be:

To calculate a simple payback on your investment, divide the cost of the new fixtures by the annual cost savings using current rates. You have already determined your annual usage and rates in Step 1.  Now, you can apply the energy savings by installing the new equipment to the usage once

you have that number divided by the cost of the investment.  Easy Tip: Hallways and ceilings painted in light reflective colors increase the light glow and help reduce energy usage.

Finally, once you’ve completed Steps 1-3, it’s recommended to consult with lighting experts on your findings and determine the most efficient next steps toward energy savings. You and your budget will be glad you shed some light on your energy expense!

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Kate Forsyth
Director of Energy Management and North East Sales Representative
410.292.7132  Ι  kforsyth@minolusa.com  Ι  linkedin

Kate Forsyth_thumbnailKate joined the Minol USA team in August of 2009. She currently oversees the Energy Management Program with a special emphasis on utility provider bill payment, cost avoidance and green initiatives.

Prior to joining Minol USA, she was employed by REIT AvalonBay Communities, Inc. for more than 20 years where she was responsible for increasing water, sewer, electric and gas collections via onsite associate training; augmenting utility reimbursements by instituting a collection and training process, creating and implementing a new utility recovery program, “Hot Water Energy, as well as developing a reinstatement and centralization of the collections programs for AvalonBay’s portfolio which consisted of more than 150 properties. While with AvalonBay, Kate also successfully lobbied for the passing of the submetering law in Massachusetts in 2005.

Water Submetering Best Practice Series: Part 1 of 3

Preparing for a New Construction Submetering Installation

I travel quite a bit for my job and it’s a rarity when I look out the cab window on my way to a client meeting that I don’t see dirt being moved. The construction market is hot for multifamily, university and affordable housing. While some markets are seeing a slight slowdown, particularly those heavily driven by the energy industry, most are still in boom mode.

Multifamily Executive still projects 2015 new construction to rise 76 percent above the historical average to 211,000 units. This would represent the highest level of new completions in a calendar year since the 1990’s. To put it in perspective, in 2012 new completions totaled just 79,000 units.

With so many projects and tight deadlines, submetering is often overlooked in the initial planning process – even in states that require submetering on new construction such as Texas, Georgia and California. Planning early not only saves time and money but headaches for your Project Management team.

If you are a contractor, your goal is to complete the project on time and on budget. If you are an owner or management company, your goal is to recover utility expenses that otherwise hit your bottom line. With rising water costs and shortages nationwide, water meters are becoming a standard fixture in new construction. One of the biggest pitfalls for not planning that impacts both parties is the costs involved when the plumber has to go back and installSubmetering Benefits tubes and couplings in each unit after he’s already completed the initial work.

Best Practices for a Seamless and Cost Effective Submetering Project

Plan Early
Don’t wait until the building is framed. The best case scenario is to include the request for submeters in the architectural plans. Also, make sure to identify which contract the submetering installation will be under – General Contractor, Mechanical Engineer or Plumber contract. You will then want to work closely with them to select the best meters for your project.

Choose Wisely
When selecting meters, make sure they are designed for horizontal installation. Work with your project team to insure sufficient room has been provided for the meter so read accuracy is not effected.  Another critical component is the AMR system. Always choose a non-proprietary AMR system to avoid technical and financial challenges as your system ages.

Central Boiler Systems
Are you installing a central boiler system? If yes, each unit must have a single entry point for both cold water and hot water with shut off valves. If you are not installing a central system, you will only need a single meter for each unit. Make sure the meter is easily accessible. Typically, next to or above the hot water tank is the best location for optimal performance.

If you are using gas to heat the boiler, make sure you meter everything so the owner can recapture gas costs associated with the water systems.

Valve Location
Valves must be in an accessible area. Preferably, valves are located outside the wall in an accessible area so the system can be maintained. If they are in the wall, access panels must be able to open. Otherwise, if valves are completely inaccessible, the building must be shut down to perform maintenance.

Tubes and Couplings
Don’t forget tubes and couplings need to be installed by a plumber during rough plumbing. These are sent by your submetering provider to the plumber or GC. It is their responsibility to install during rough in.

Timing is Everything
Do not put in a meter right before the plumber flushes out the lines. Lines get flushed when they are ready for their certificate of occupancy.

Hold the Phone
Make sure you have an Ethernet connection. Analog phone lines are being phased out and you don’t want to find yourself with an outdated connection.

Start Planning for Submetering Early in the Project
The sooner you plan, the better chances for a seamless installation. There is no financial benefit to having your plumber install a submeter versus your submetering provider. It is best to have your submetering provider manage the installation since they will need to install the transmitter and calibrate each meter to the appropriate transmitter. Properly commissioning the system to insure the transmitter is connected to the assigned unit is imperative to make sure the owner is billing the correct unit.

Be prepared to bring in reliable partners to help you select the highest quality and most cost effective submetering solution. They will also determine the best configuration for your building type. The payoff is well worth the effort – greatly increasing revenue and property value while also encouraging conservation.

                                                                                                                                                                       

Phil NePhil-Neeveseves
National Director of Multifamily Solutions
719.304.4111   pneeves@minolusa.com

Phil Neeves, a 20-year veteran of the submetering industry, is regarded as one of the leading industry experts in heating and cooling cost allocation systems.

Prior to joining Minol, Neeves served as Vice President of Central Region for ista North America. His experience includes 16 years in the submetering industry and 14 years as an owner/partner of a full-service real estate company specializing in syndicating multifamily apartment communities nationwide. Neeves extensive expertise in submetering and energy allocation has allowed him to successfully guide clients through utility metering conversions for both conventional financed and HUD insured properties. He served three years on the Board of Directors for the National Submetering and Utility Allocation Association (NSUAA) and is a Lifetime Member of the America’s Registry of Outstanding Professionals.